Puppets, Pawns, and Prophets features recent and new work by Marcel Dzama, including three videos inspired by the game of chess, as well as puppets and masks based on the characters, drawings, collages, dioramas, and sculptural works.
Dzama has become known for his proliﬁc drawings, which are characterized by their distinctive palette of muted browns, grays, greens, and reds. In recent years, the artist has expanded his practice to encompass three-dimensional work and ﬁlm and has developed an immediately recognizable language that draws from a diverse range of references and artistic inﬂuences.
Death Disco Dance is a four-minute video loop featuring characters based on chess pieces. It was ﬁlmed in Guadalajara, Mexico, in conjunction with Dzama’s A Game of Chess (which debuted at David Zwirner, New York, in 2011). In lieu of the latter’s narrative of fatal interchanges and power reversals, Dzama shows the ballet-dancing actors in a synchronized, but almost entirely improvised, dance, that was planned and choreographed on the spot. The artist himself created the disco-like soundtrack using a small drum machine. The loop will be displayed on several monitors in the gallery’s street-facing window.
Sister Squares, which premieres in the exhibition, takes its title after artist and chess player Marcel Duchamp’s handbook Opposition and Sister Squares Are Reconciled, published in 1932 with chess champion Vitaly Halberstadt in reference to theoretical strategies involving pawn and king endgames. Evocative of the quadrangles on a chessboard, Dzama has divided footage from A Game of Chess across four “screens,” which simultaneously reveal the narrative. In the third video on view, The Infidels, the symbolic parallels between chess and war are made apparent as uniformed characters confront each other in a violent, imaginative battle.
Mask sculptures depicting some of the main protagonists in the ﬁlms were created from ceramic and tin and bear the inﬂuence of local crafts in Mexico, where recycled cans are often used to make toys. The reconstituted source materials can be partially deciphered in the works, where colorful logos and various texts combine to create the shiny surfaces of the masks.
Amongst the drawings included in the show is the large-scale, four-part Myth, Manifestos, and Monsters, in which characters from the ﬁlms line up alongside ﬁgures from the artist’s earlier repertoire. As if posing for a group portrait, their various stages of disguise heighten the sense of a hidden plot. Other drawings, like two large-scale works executed on piano scroll, depict the characters in poses which mirror their movements and dancing in the ﬁlms, while a series of new collages feature this imagery in unexpected contexts. Five small paintings depicting a lone female terrorist seated on a bed emphasize the underlying tension between reality and ﬁction which characterizes the works throughout the show.
The exhibition will be accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue published by David Zwirner and Hatje Cantz, with an essay by Deborah Solomon. In Fall 2013, a comprehensive monograph of Dzama’s work, produced and designed in collaboration with the artist, will be published by Abrams and will feature contributions by Bradley Bailey, Dave Eggers, Spike Jonze, and Raymond Pettibon.
Puppets, Pawns, and Prophets
April 6—May 11, 2013
All text by David Zwirner.